Clear Colorless Liquid
Flexi bag, 24 MT/20FCL
Refined glycerine, often referred to as glycerol or glycerin, is a simple sugar alcohol with three hydroxyl groups that give it its hygroscopic and water-soluble characteristics. With a high boiling point and viscosity, this colorless, fragrance-free, crystal-clear liquid indicates its natural sweetness and minimal toxicity. Its density is 1.26 g/cm³ and it originates from petrochemical feedstock. It is utilized in several sectors, including the production of biodiesel, food, medicine, cosmetics, and personal care products.
Recovering Animal Fats:
Animal fats obtained from slaughterhouses are processed through cooking, where elevated temperatures cause the fat to turn into a liquid state and facilitate cell rupture. Alternatively, another method involves partial heating and mechanical rupture of fat tissue to release the fat.
The degumming process for animal fats involves removing dissolved phosphatides through centrifugation. Water is added to the oil to precipitate phosphatides, forming a heavier precipitate that absorbs water. Centrifugation then separates the phosphatides from the oil phase to the water phase.
Bleaching is essential for removing unwanted pigments and oxidizing agents from oil that may affect the product's appearance. Charcoal or earth clay is added to absorb existing pigments. For edible oils, an additional method using chemical reactions (oxidation and reduction) may be required.
Oils with adsorbed impurities undergo further treatment to remove unpleasant odors. Steam distillation is employed to eliminate volatile impurities contributing to the smell. High-pressure steam distillation at 180-250 degrees Celsius under vacuum conditions separates non-volatile animal fat from volatile impurities.
Animal fat is decomposed through hydrolysis under high temperature and pressure. Water is used to break down triglyceride chains into glycerol/glycerine and fatty acid chains. Glycerine, obtained in this step, requires further refining to become refined glycerine.
The mixture of glycerine and fatty acids undergoes a series of separation processes. Distillation separates fatty acids from glycerine. The distillation column is heated to promote the evaporation of glycerol and fatty acids, with glycerine evaporating readily at a specific temperature range while fatty acid chains remain in liquid form.
Glycerine is a crucial raw ingredient in the pharmaceutical sector, contributing to drugs, suppositories, cough remedies, and anesthetics.
Glycerine's water-retaining properties enhance cosmetic products, extending their shelf life and preserving softness and creaminess.
Utilized as a sweetener in various food products and a hydration aid in sports.
Ongoing research explores glycerine as a gasoline additive to reduce harmful emissions. Its lubricating properties enhance mechanical efficiency, reduce friction, dissipate heat, and prevent overheating. Glycerine's economic feasibility makes it valuable in diverse industrial applications and chemical intermediates.