Distilled monoglyceride is an organic compound which has the physical appearance of white beads. It is commercially prepared by the raw materials of vegetable and animal fatty oils. It is composed of a glycerol linked to a fatty acid via an ester bond. Distilled monoglyceride is used as an emulsifier agent for mixing ingredients in correct proportions.
Triglycerides is interesterified with glycerol using a catalyst at high temperature to produce monoglyceride industrially. This reaction is glycerolysis and produces a mixture of 50% monoglyceride. This mixture is further distilled using the molecular distillation process to obtain distilled monoglyceride of minimally 90%.
Distilled monoglyceride is widely used in food industry as an emulsification agent, dispersion agent, foaming agent, defoaming agent, starch anti-aging and fat agglomeration control. It is used in the production of beverage products and instant foods. It is added to improve notably dissolution, fragrance, color & stability of beverages. It can form the complex with the protein and starch. It could prevent starch from recrystallizing after cooling because of formation of infusible complex with straight chain form starch.
Distilled monoglyceride is used as a main internal lubricant material along with Stearic acid for the production of Poly Vinyl Chloride pipe and Polyethylene waxes. It is used as an anti-scaling agent for the production of Polyethylene & Polypropylene products.